Aluno: Victor Adriel de Jesus Oliveira
Orientador: Prof. Dr. Anderson Maciel
Coorientadora: Profª. Drª. Luciana Porcher Nedel
Title: Haptic Interfaces and Their Application on Computer-Mediated Tactile Communication
Linha de Pesquisa: Interação Humano-Computador, Realidade Virtual e Aumentada
Local: Prédio 43412 – Sala 215 (sala de videoconferência), Instituto de Informática.
– Profª. Drª. Carla Maria Dal Sasso Freitas (UFRGS)
– Profª. Drª. Daniela Gorski Trevisan (UFF)
– Profª. Drª. Mounia Ziat (NMU – por videoconferência)
Presidente da Banca: Prof. Dr. Anderson Maciel
Abstract: The sense of touch not only is a channel for acquiring information about the environment around us, it is also our most social sense. However, haptic interaction is usually implemented as a gimmick feature in modern interfaces. Although multimodal communication is commonplace in Virtual Environments, the most accessible Virtual Reality technologies do not even include the haptic component as a fundamental part. This thesis presents studies on perception, user performance, and user experience with vibrotactile communication devices built to support different interactive tasks in virtual and physical environments. We have assessed different haptic actuators, tactile display configurations, body sites, user profiles and methods to design a robust tactile platform. Such platform was finally built as a vibrotactile display to be worn around the head and to support spatial awareness and communication in both virtual and physical environments. During our research, we particularly notice that the proactive use of touch for intercommunication is surprisingly neglected regardless of its importance for communication. Therefore, we have also directed our attention to elements present in speech articulation to introduce proactive haptic articulation as a novel approach for intercommunication. We propose that the ability to use a haptic interface as a tool for implicit communication can supplement communication and support near and remote collaborative tasks in different contexts. In addition, an articulatory interface can provide a direct and expressive way for communicating through tactile cues. To demonstrate that, our results were applied to the design of a vibrotactile head-mounted display especially made for interaction with immersive virtual environments. Such apparatus was shown not only to support guidance in 3D space but also to support intercommunication in collaborative virtual environments. In addition to our technical contributions regarding the construction of a fully tested tactile display for multiple tasks and contexts, our main contribution is the conception and demonstration of a new paradigm for tactile interaction. Such paradigm focuses on providing simple and direct ways for individuals to express themselves through tactile cues in computer-mediated interaction with their environment and with others. Such paradigm embraces the final users and allows them to become interlocutors rather than just receivers of the haptic feedback.
Keywords: Human-Computer Interaction, Haptic Interaction, Vibrotactile Communication, Haptic Articulation, Virtual Reality, Collaborative Tasks.